Who and What Is An “Evangelical”?: Evangelicals and Politics (Part 3)

Greg Strand – May 16, 2016 24 Comments

We now come to our last post in our brief three-part series on Evangelicals and Politics.

In our first post, we looked at the landscape and the confusion surrounding the term Evangelical. In the second post, we attempted to provide a definition of Evangelical in order to help those who write about Evangelicals and to bring some clarity to what it means to be an Evangelical. In this final post, we consider some possible responses of Evangelicals to our changing political and moral landscape.

How, then, shall we approach this? Here are ten truths for us to consider.

  1. God is sovereign. Remember the words of Psalm 2:1-4: “Why do the nations rage and the peoples plot in vain? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD and against his Anointed, saying, “Let us burst their bonds apart and cast away their cords from us.” He who sits in the heavens laughs; the Lord holds them in derision.” God is sovereign over all the nations and peoples and kings and rulers. He is sovereign over the election process and the candidates.
  2. God providentially governs all things. God’s providence is good, he knows the beginning and the end and everything in between (Isa. 41:4; 44:6; 46:10; 48:12; Rev. 1:8, 17; 21:6; 22:13). And this knowledge is not a good guess, but it is personal and planned. Consider Proverbs 21:1: “The king’s heart is a stream of water in the hand of the LORD; he turns it wherever he will.”
  3. God sovereignly and providentially puts governments and rulers in place. Paul writes, “Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God” (Rom. 13:1). This addresses God’s sovereignty and providence, which are doctrinal truths about God and his unfolding plan. But these truths are not abstract. They are lived out in real-time in a real place. For Paul, he wrote at a time during which Christianity was not acceptable and Christians were persecuted.
  4. Our cultural context is more similar to the early church than it has been since Constantine’s Edict of Milan (313). This edict granted Christians religious toleration in the Roman Empire. Many now believe we live in a post-Constantinian day, with both strengths and weaknesses, which also carries with it post-Christian implications. Many have been addressing the various options Christians now face regarding how to live in, interact with and engage culture, e.g. Benedictine Option, Babylonian Option, Jeremiah Option, among others. One option not often mentioned for Christians is a Dispersion Option, that espoused by Peter in his epistles (1 and 2 Peter). Peter begins his first letter, “To those who are elect exiles of the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia” (1 Pet. 1:1). These are believers, “elect exiles,” who are part of the “Dispersion,” those who are living in a foreign land with different values, customs and mores, and who live as pilgrims, as if this is not our true home. This reflects a similar cultural setting in which we live today. Read, ponder and pray through the Petrine epistles, as there is much we can and ought to learn about life and ministry in our contemporary day.
  5. Christians, in general, and Evangelicals, in particular, bought into cultural Christianity, depended on it too much, and confused the gospel with its cultural accoutrements/entailments. This is why, I believe, so  many Evangelicals are struggling. There is a desire to go back to an earlier day, a day that was known for a greater cultural alignment with Christian truth and morality. That day is past. In some ways, this is forcing Evangelicals to discern between the true gospel and its cultural expressions or entrapments. In response, some pull away from the culture and cultural engagement, while others become too comfortable with it. One must recognize the spirit of the age so that one clearly discerns the Spirit of the ages and then responds appropriately. What does it mean for us today to be in the world, but not of the world (Jn. 17)?
  6. Evangelicals live in a day in which the truth we affirm is considered a moral minority. As noted above, this is reflective of how the early church lived. There is much we can and ought to learn from them. Additionally, there are many brothers and sisters who have lived, and continue to live, as minorities in a majority culture. For example, African Americans have lived this way for many years. In this day in which we live as moral minorities, we have much to learn from those believers who have lived as ethnic and/or racial minorities.
  7. We remember we serve a King, the King of kings and Lord of lords, in his kingdom. Although this world is significant in that it is God’s creation and though fallen it is being redeemed (Rom. 8:18-25), this world is not ultimate. God is unfolding his plan in and through history. We do not wring our hands as if things are out of control. We do not become anxious because our preferred political candidate or party is not on the “throne.” The reason is because God remains on the throne. The way in which we live and respond these days reflects and reveals a great deal about what we believe about God and his plan. Do we believe we have to usher in God’s kingdom, or help it along by ensuring the right people get in office? If we do, we are working to establish a kingdom of man, not the kingdom of God (Gen. 11). It is in response to God’s judgement of the nations that John writes of Jesus, “On his robe and on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords” (Rev. 19:16).
  8. This kingdom of God is marked by a cross. This means God’s kingdom is an upside down kingdom in which the weak are strong, and the strong are weak, since God’s power is made manifest and is grace made sufficient in our weakness (2 Cor. 12:9-10). In contrast, the kingdom of man is marked by a crown, a theology of glory. And although we do not deny a crown and glory, they only come through the cross. This world, and those who live by the ways of the world, desire the crown and glory apart from the cross. How much have we been influenced by and bought into this idea, especially when we consider the power associated with a political machine or majority?
  9. We are exhorted to pray. As Christians, we are exhorted, first and foremost, to pray that God’s kingdom will come and his will be done, on earth as it is in heaven (Matt. 6:10). Furthermore, we are also exhorted to pray for our leaders and those in authority over us (1 Tim. 2:1-4). Prayer is not perfunctory and passive. It is the heart of communion with God and foundational to our engaging in the work of God. The fact that we do not engage prayer with this in mind reflects our misunderstanding of God, prayer and our role/response and the most fruitful and effective way to engage in cultural engagement and influence today. As one writes, “To clasp the hands in prayer is the beginning of an uprising against the disorder of the world.”
  10. .We trust in the Lord and his promises and place our hope in him and his plans. Our response and engagement is to trust in the Lord and hope in him. Trust is not only affirming all the truths associated with God and his Word, but also living our lives, speaking, engaging in this world based upon those truths. It is those who wait on the Lord who will renew their strength (Isa. 40:28-31). This sort of life, a life given to those by faith, manifests the gospel, the kingdom, a life marked by faith. This means the following: those who have been made righteous by faith, they also live by faith (Rom. 1:17). This means we do not despair or wring our hands based upon a president or political expediency. We hope in God. And this hope is not a wishful thinking based upon the political winds, but rather it is based on the sure and certain hope and promise given by God (Heb. 6:12-20). With Paul we pray, “May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that by the power of the Holy Spirit you may abound in hope” (Rom. 15:13).

I conclude these ten truths with a focus on the book of Revelation, written by John and intended to bring comfort, hope and assurance to Christians in the midst of difficulties, trials and persecutions. Charles Hill summarizes the message of Revelation, which is an excellent reminder to us:

Revelation delivers to the distressed churches of Asia Minor and to the church in all ages, the triumphant assurance that behind the scenes of history and despite the vicissitudes of history, the kingdom of God is in power, and Jesus Christ the King of all kings is on his Father’s throne executing his sovereign judgment over the world. Though to the fleshly eye the events of history may often seem to say the opposite, though the church of Jesus Christ might seem despised and defeated, it is Jesus Christ who rules the kings of the earth, and his purposes are patiently being worked out here below.

Greg Strand


Affectionately called “Walking Bible” by his youngest daughter, Greg Strand has a ministry history that goes back to 1982. Since that time, he has served in local church ministry in a variety of ministry capacities: youth pastor, associate pastor of adult ministries and senior pastor. He is currently the EFCA's Executive Director of Theology and Credentialing. Greg reads voraciously and never stops learning — a passion reflected in the overflowing bookshelves that spill from his library to multiple offices. And he could tell you about each of those books! His hunger for learning pales in contrast to his great love for God and for teaching the Word of God.

24 responses to Who and What Is An “Evangelical”?: Evangelicals and Politics (Part 3)

  1. Powerful reminder Greg!! Thank you so much!!

    • I am grateful you found this helpful, Joel. I sensed these were important reminders for us during these days, both theologically and practically.

      • I’m with you 100%, I now follow the Holy Spirit’s promptings each day, it’s an exciting life! not knowing what He’s going to do next. I yield to Him now. If we look to this He’s THRILLED that we have ears and eyes to follow His promptings daily. We have to fine tune this though, by time in the Word and T.V.ect. off. Since I got rid of my T.V. 1 1/2 years ago I’v gotten to this place with Him (exciting). A quieter life and and an amazing life with Him!!!!!! Thanks, Greg Strand

      • That is great to hear, Bill. I am thankful to hear you now live with an eye, ear and heart attuned to God through his Word.

  2. The series on Evangelicals is quite relative to now. I appreciate the candor as well as the authentication the research provides and the unbiased approach.

    • Thank you for reading and commenting, Mark. This is quite relevant to the present-time. I am grateful you found it helpful.

  3. Good work, Greg! Thank you for the “series.” Would be it OK if I were to include your last blog in our church newsletter, with full credit, of course. It comes out just prior to our elections here in California

    • It is good to hear from you Randal. Thank you for your words of affirmation. I am grateful to the Lord you found this series helpful. Please use this in your church newsletter. This is one of the reasons I write these – that they might be a useful and helpful resource to you and others in the church.

  4. Greg –
    Thanks for setting out these thoughtful – and powerful – reminders of who we are and what we believe. I am grateful to be reminded of God’s providential care of me and of our country during these odd times.

    • Thank you for your response, Jim. Although we know the truth of God’s Word, it is also good and important to be reminded of those truths as we encounter new situations. We speak the old, old story and apply them to a new, new situation. This not only enables us to recall the truth, but then to think through the implications and applications in our lives in the present day.

  5. Even though these are available online, these three posts would be great to have in a booklet that could be distributed to our churches and Christian friends.

    • Thank you for reading and commenting, David. Maybe we can put all three of these into a single pdf document and make it available in that format. I will see what I can do.

  6. These three articles ought to be published every election year. With that said, it strikes me that a fourth article should be added to emphasize our responsibility to God’s sovereignty. If He is in control and He has placed us in a participatory form of government, then best we learn how to evangelically vote.

    • Thank you, Garry, for reading and commenting. I agree that a fourth post would be helpful. However, that would have to be nuanced carefully since I am not convinced there is a single way to vote that is Evangelical. The fact that we live in an inaugurated kingdom, a kingdom that is both now and not-yet, in which we are citizens of the city of God and citizens of the city of man (per Augustine), there are differences in specifics and details of how this is specifically lived out. The best thing would be to establish some biblical principles and parameters for this sort of thinking and engagement, similar to what I did in the third post, which was more broadly addressed. It would, in fact, apply the principles from the third post specifically to the important issue you raise, i.e. how do we who live in a participatory government think about, respond to, vote for, etc. as Evangelicals. This question is different, or non-existent, for Christians who live in countries that do not have these freedoms. For us who do, however, it is vital for us to ask these questions.

  7. I appreciate you taking the time to write this three part series. It gives me a new perspective as I think about how I perceive of the term “evangelical” and what this means to our current society.

    I have been getting more disillusioned with our country with each passing day, but your reminders of God’s sovereignty in establishing our government and our society leaders are helpful.

    • Thank you for reading and commenting, Pedro. I am grateful to the Lord you found this helpful, and even more so, that it was used of the Lord to remind you of his sovereignty, which means he can be trusted. Might we live according to the truth of God’s Word and promises, not based on the cultural winds and political uncertainties.

  8. Thank you Greg for the 10 points of being evangelical. I do agree that our culture has changed but also believe there is nothing new under the sun. In America we were founded on Christian doctrine and still yet today have “In God We Trust” on our monetary and Judicial systems. What has changed as well is the amount of information that is available to believers, nothing at all like the early Christians-or 2000 years ago. Our system of government allows a form of representation by VOTE so this is a current culture (living in the world but not of the world) in which we live in. Being an Evangelical, I look at the Revelation passages you mentioned, to the Seven Asian Churches and see a way to apply Jesus’ words to our current culture- Rev Chapters 2-3;Test all those who call themselves apostles, renew our first Love, that is works of compassion, stop holding to the teachings of Balaam, and of the Nicolaitians, stop tolerating the women Jezebel, WAKE UP and strengthen what you have, keep the WORD and be Patient and Pray, don’t be Luke warm, rather be a conqueror. So if we paraphrase these words from Jesus-we could get a picture of what the Spirit of Caleb might look like in a typical evangelical voter today in America; Don’t trust willy nilly-but verify every word from pastors and politicians, seek compassion-don’t give fish away, rather teach how to fish, stop the unrestrained indulgence (spending, sexual behavior,violence), stop tolerating Jezebel-( by tolerating the related issue of abortion on demand), Wake Up and have a voice,vote, don’t forget to read God’s word everyday and foster patience with each other, and don’t be dull or indifferent, be an over comer. As a voter in America, I recognize that my Home is in Heaven, but my work is down here-and I hold to James 1:22,27;2:1.

    • I appreciate your response, Barry, and your interaction and engagement and response to what I wrote. Even more so, I am grateful you respond as a Berean, to search the Scriptures to see if what anyone says is true, and then, based on that truth, we live our lives – by God’s grace and for God’s glory. It is both affirming the truth, and living out the truth, the orthodoxy, which is the ground, and the orthopraxy, which is the fruit.

  9. Jesus’ bible was used in Geo. Washington’s day, including pulpits ; does not God want some Jeremiah’s and Amos’s to speak to unjust king George of today? ( John Sjobring working on Christian ethics).

    • Thank you for commenting, John. There is a prophetic role for the church. There is also a priestly role. Some may be called to serve more in one direction than another, but both are needed. Theology is best lived in community.

  10. Thanks, Greg!

    • You are welcome, Rick. I am encouraged to know you read this, and I trust you found it helpful, and mostly faithful!

  11. I know that God is in complete authority of all things not only on this planet but all of creation. To vote for someone who takes a life vs someone who gives life(Our Lord and creator) should be a straight forward choice. Deceit and the father of lies has clouded this election. Diligence in prayer and asking Our God’s will be done through this time should be in the heart, soul, mind, and strength of every Evangelical. May our Lord have mercy for the choices we make are sometimes sinful.

    • Yes, Ed, I concur. We pray to our Father, “your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven.” And we also join the chorus of the saints in saying, Maranatha, come Lord Jesus!

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