Salvation and the Church; the Church and Ordinances; Baptism and the EFCA

Greg Strand – July 15, 2016 4 Comments

The free church tradition, not just the EFCA, has had a strong emphasis on the doctrine of salvation and a generally weak understanding of the doctrine of the church.

This has generally led to a weak understanding of the ordinances and how they function within the church.

This is one of the reasons we focused on the topic we did at last year’s Theology Conference: The Doctrine of the Church: The Embodiment of the Gospel

One of the messages focused on the church and the understanding and practice of the ordinances. Michael Lawrence, in the second lecture, addressed “The Church: A Visible Community – Boundary Markers of the Community.” (For a recent treatment of this, cf. the book he referenced by Bobby Jamieson, Going Public: Why Baptism Is Required for Church Membership.) Lawrence delivered this message as a Baptist (with a capital “B”) to a group that is baptist (with a small “b”).

In the Free Church we primarily affirm believer baptism by immersion, but we will not divide over the time and mode of baptism. This means what matters for church membership is that one be born again, regenerate, converted, a believer. That is to say, if one was baptized as an infant and they are truly born again today, and they do not consider their baptism to be their salvation, it is not required that they be baptized by immersion prior to becoming a member. It is here we will not divide. So time (infant or older) and mode (immersion or sprinkling) are matters in which we will have a view and hold it strongly and we will discuss/debate it, but we will not divide over it. For a brief explanation of this, read Baptism: Infant and Believer.

It is vital to note the importance of baptism. Requiring baptism is a mandate. However, providing charity on time and mode, a unique Free Church perspective, adds an important theological and ecclesiological aspect to the understanding and practice of baptism. This is different than not requiring baptism at all for membership (to say nothing of the intimate and organic relationship it has to the Lord’s Supper). Requiring no baptism at all has no New Testament support and has no historical precedent in the church.

In the lecture delivered by Lawrence, he helped us to realize the importance of the ordinances for the church. Because it was from a Baptist perspective, it raised important questions for those baptists in the Free Church. Agree or disagree, no one gets a pass, and all must understand what the Scriptures teach and how that ought to be applied in the church today.

The lecture generated a great deal of discussion. I was grateful since it enabled us to have this discussion about the ordinances in the Free Church, that are often treated more as adiaphora, matters of indifference, rather than critical to the life and ministry of the church.

Because Lawrence had to deliver his lecture virtually, I prepared questions for discussion. I include them below as questions to ponder as we seek to reflect in our understanding and practice the teaching and truth of the Scriptures.

Questions for Thought and Discussion  

A Couple of Statements/Sentiments Regarding the Free Church and Ordinances (real statements made but not necessarily true or accurate)

  • “What is required to be a member in the local church is nothing more than what is required to be a member in the true church.”
  • “It is contrary to Free Church history and polity to require baptism for membership.” 

Soteriology and Ecclesiology

  • What is the connection between the gospel and the church?
  • What is the relationship between soteriology and ecclesiology?
  • Is the church the plural of Christian? Or is it an authorized community with delegated authority of the king to show what the kingdom of God is like? 

Ecclesiology: Ordinances, Membership and Discipline

  • What is the connection between salvation and baptism?
  • Should baptism be a requirement for church membership, in any mode?
  • What is the role of church membership?
  • Should baptism be a prerequisite for communion?
  • What is the role of discipline in the life of the church?
  • What authority does the local church have? 


Michael argues that the gospel creates the church and the church embodies the gospel, and the means by which this corporate covenant community is manifest is in the ordinances, membership and discipline, which are three ways to talk about the same truth.

  • With what do you agree/disagree?
  • What are the strengths and weaknesses in the Free Church?
  • What about your own understanding of the gospel and practice of the ordinances?

Greg Strand


Affectionately called “Walking Bible” by his youngest daughter, Greg Strand has a ministry history that goes back to 1982. Since that time, he has served in local church ministry in a variety of ministry capacities: youth pastor, associate pastor of adult ministries and senior pastor. He is currently the EFCA's Executive Director of Theology and Credentialing. Greg reads voraciously and never stops learning — a passion reflected in the overflowing bookshelves that spill from his library to multiple offices. And he could tell you about each of those books! His hunger for learning pales in contrast to his great love for God and for teaching the Word of God.

4 responses to Salvation and the Church; the Church and Ordinances; Baptism and the EFCA

  1. “So time (infant or older) and mode (immersion or sprinkling) are matters in which we will have a view and hold it strongly and we will discuss/debate it, but we will not divide over it.”

    I’m credentialed in the EFCA because of its theological heart and posture so perfectly worded in the above statement. May our tribe grow and increase. To God be the glory.

    • Thank you for reading and responding, Scott. I appreciate your testimony. I, like you, consider this to be a strength. This is not without my own personal convictions, which are held strongly yet graciously, and, I pray, humbly. For those who would consider this posture to be a weakness, they will find it challenging to be a part of the EFCA.

  2. “What is required to be a member in the local church is nothing more than what is required to be a member in the true church.”

    I think the challenge to applying this statement is that most local churches interpret the Bible and have a statement of faith that includes details that are not embraced by the universal church.

    So often, it makes practical sense that a local church requests that their members be supportive of the statement of faith of the local church. Any open disagreement can bring disunity to the local church.

    Of course, the basic understanding and belief of the gospel of Christ Jesus is the only requirement to being saving and being a child of God. But to simply state that this is the only requirement to being a member of the local church appears difficult at best, impossible at worst.

    • Thank you for your comment, Pedro. It is good to hear from you. The statement is not only difficult, it is wrong. It is actually akin to the notion of a “churchless” Christian. That is actually impossible since one who is regenerated becomes by virtue of that new birth a member of a new family, the church.

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